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There are at present, two APMCs in the state of Meghalaya

Mawiong Wholesale Regulated Market Its Activities, Functions and Achievements.

Market Regulation in Meghalaya:

The State Agricultural Produce Marketing Act was enacted in the year 1980 and the State Agricultural Marketing Board was set up in 1983, to develop marketing infra structural facilities and to provide marketing support to the farmers in the State. In the year 1991, with the assistance of the Centre for Agricultural Marketing, Government of India located at Jaipur, detailed survey was conducted and a project profile for development of marketing infrastructure in Meghalaya was prepared. Accordingly, it was proposed to set up secondary markets in each District in the State which are called Wholesale Regulated Market. Thus, land was made available at Mawiong in the East Khasi-Hills District, Garobadha in the West Garo Hills District and Williamnagar in the East Garo Hills District.

Objectives of Regulated Market:

The avowed objectives of regulated market since its very inception has been to regulate market practices, to protect the economic interest of the producers/sellers and to help them in obtaining remunerative price for their produce. The institution of regulated market, considered as a panacea against most of the evils that prevailed in the agriculture marketing system, helps ensure an orderly and efficient marketing system with rationalised trade practices and procedures.

Functions of Regulated Market:

Regulated market occupies a place of paramount importance in the contemporary agricultural marketing scenario. Creations of marketing infrastructure like storage godown, auction platform, grading platform, internal roads, other supporting services and facilities, introduction of standardised marketing practices, elimination of unauthorised deductions, reasonable and standardised market charges, correct weighment, timely payment, settling of market disputes etc. are some of the parameters of successful functioning of regulated market. Genesis of Mawiong Wholesale Regulated Market: The Development of Mawiong Regulated Market was started on a plot of land which consisted of a steep slope and depressed marshy land. In about five years time, the entire area was transformed. On 12th August 1996, the first actual transaction could be started in the regulated market, where the trading of potato was initially taken up for buying and selling. The response of the farmers and the traders was very enthusiastic and has stood in good stead to bring the market to this present form. With the commissioning of the Mawiong Wholesale Market, the wholesale trade of Potato, Tezpatta, Broomstick, Torch wood and CP Bark was taken up by the regulated market in right earnest.

The market was formally inaugurated by the then Hon. Chief Minister, Shri. Salseng Marak on the 17th September 1996 which was a red letter day in the history of agricultural marketing in the State. Since 1996-97 till 2000-2001, the market has handled produces of about 1,63,803 Metric Tonnes approximately, which is worth an estimated value of Rs.7200 Lakhs. The Market has also collected about Rs.71.46 Lakhs as market excess from the traders operating inside the regulated market.

Infrastructure created in the Regulated Market:

With the establishment of regulated market in the State, the Meghalaya State Agricultural Marketing Board with financial assistance from the Government of India, has created the following infrastructure in the Mawiong Regulated Market.

1. Trader Store cum Storage Godowns

2. Auction Platform.

3. Grading Platform.

4. Bank.

5. Rest House.

6. Parking Yard.

7. Drinking Water Facilities.

8. Latrines.

9. Entry and Exit Roads.

10. Market Committee Office Building.

11. 1000 MT capacity Meg Cold Storage.

Present Activities of the Market Committee:

The Mawiong Market Committee was duly constituted comprising of representatives from the government, farmers, traders, co-operative societies, local bodies to implement and enforce the provisions of the Act, Rules and Bye laws as provided in the Meghalaya Agricultural Produce Market Act, 1980. * The Market Committee is collecting and disseminating market intelligence on prices, arrivals from villages and despatches to outstation markets on a daily basis. These reports are also regularly passed on to various central government department, State government departments etc. * The Market Committee is also collecting market cess from traders @ one rupee per one hundred rupee advalorem within the regulated market. * Training and other awareness generation programmes are also undertaken by the Market Committee functionary from time to time on the functions of regulated market. Facilities Provided in the Regulated Market: As mentioned earlier, infra structural facilities have been created inside the market for the benefits of the traders and farmers who operate inside the market. Besides other supporting services and facilities are available for the benefit of the farmers. These are:- * Standardised and verified Weight and Measures. * No Entry or Toll tax. * Free temporary storage of unsold produce in the market yard. * Transportation of farmer’s produce from villages to the regulated market by the market committee’s two nos. of trucks at very reasonable charges. * Round the clock security inside the market complex. * Provision of rest house for farmers who wish to stay overnight. * Clean drinking water supply. * Provision of latrines inside the market. * Spacious parking yard for vehicles coming from villages/outside the state. * A branch of the Meghalaya Co-operative Bank inside the Market for business transaction of farmers and traders